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Music of Turkey includes mainly Turkic elements as well as partial influences ranging from Central Asian folk music , Arabic music , Greek music , Ottoman music , Persian music and Balkan music , as well as references to more modern European and American popular music.
The roots of traditional music in Turkey span across centuries to a time when the Seljuk Turks migrated to Anatolia and Persia in the 11th century and contains elements of both Turkic and pre-Turkic influences.
Much of its modern popular music can trace its roots to the emergence in the early s drive for Westernization.
With the assimilation of immigrants from various regions the diversity of musical genres and musical instrumentation also expanded. Turkey has also seen documented folk music and recorded popular music produced in the ethnic styles of Greek , Armenian , Albanian , Polish and Jewish communities, among others.
Many Turkish cities and towns have vibrant local music scenes which, in turn, support a number of regional musical styles.
Despite this however, western music styles like pop music and kanto lost popularity to arabesque in the late s and s.
It became popular again by the beginning of the s, as a result of an opening economy and society. With the support of Sezen Aksu , the resurging popularity of pop music gave rise to several international Turkish pop stars such as Tarkan and Sertab Erener.
The late s also saw an emergence of underground music producing alternative Turkish rock , electronica , hip-hop , rap and dance music in opposition to the mainstream corporate pop and arabesque genres, which many believe have become too commercial.
Turkish folk dance is diverse. The architecture of the Seljuk Turks combined the elements and characteristics of the Turkic architecture of Central Asia with those of Persian , Arab , Armenian and Byzantine architecture.
The transition from Seljuk architecture to Ottoman architecture is most visible in Bursa , which was the capital of the Ottoman State between and Following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople Istanbul in , Ottoman architecture was significantly influenced by Byzantine architecture.
He was the chief architect of at least buildings which were constructed in various provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century.
Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine. In the early years of the Republic, a few studies were published about regional Anatolian dishes but cuisine did not feature heavily in Turkish folkloric studies until the s, when the fledgling tourism industry encouraged the Turkish state to sponsor two food symposia.
The papers submitted at the symposia presented the history of Turkish cuisine on a "historical continuum" that dated back to Turkic origins in Central Asia and continued through the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
Many of the papers presented at these first two symposia were unreferenced. Prior to the symposia, the study of Turkish culinary culture was first popularised by the publication of Süheyl Ünver's Fifty Dishes in Turkish History in This book was based on recipes found in an 18th century Ottoman manuscript.
His second book was about palace cuisine during the reign of Mehmet II. Following the publication of Ünver's book subsequent studies were published, including a study by a historian named Bahaettin Ögel about the Central Asian origins of Turkish cuisine.
Turkish cuisine was well established by the mids, the beginning of the Ottoman Empire 's six hundred-year reign.
Yogurt salads, fish in olive oil , sherbet and stuffed and wrapped vegetables became Turkish staples. The empire, eventually spanning from Austria and Ukraine to Arabia and North Africa , used its land and water routes to import exotic ingredients from all over the world.
By the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman court housed over 1, live-in cooks and passed laws regulating the freshness of food.
Since the fall of the empire in World War I — and the establishment of the Turkish Republic in , foreign food such as French hollandaise sauce and Western fast food have made their way into the modern Turkish diet.
The most popular sport in Turkey is association football. Other mainstream sports such as basketball and volleyball are also popular. The men's national basketball team won the silver medal at the FIBA World Championship and at the EuroBasket , which were both hosted by Turkey; and is one of the most successful at the Mediterranean Games.
Another Turkish basketball club, Anadolu Efes S. Like the men's team, the women's basketball team is one of the most successful at the Mediterranean Games.
The women's national volleyball team won the gold medal at the European Games , the silver medal at the European Championship , the bronze medal at the European Championship , and the bronze medal at the FIVB World Grand Prix.
They also won multiple medals over multiple decades at the Mediterranean Games. International wrestling styles governed by FILA such as freestyle wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling are also popular, with many European, World and Olympic championship titles won by Turkish wrestlers both individually and as a national team.
Hundreds of television channels, thousands of local and national radio stations, several dozen newspapers, a productive and profitable national cinema and a rapid growth of broadband Internet use constitute a vibrant media industry in Turkey.
The broadcast media have a very high penetration as satellite dishes and cable systems are widely available. Turkish television dramas are increasingly becoming popular beyond Turkey's borders and are among the country's most vital exports, both in terms of profit and public relations.
The first narrative film, Sedat Simavi 's The Spy , was released in Turkey's first sound film was shown in Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from onwards, with a precipitous decline following the failed coup attempt on 15 July From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Country in Western Asia and Southeastern Europe. This article is about the country. For the bird, see Turkey bird. For other uses, see Turkey disambiguation.
For the newspaper, see Türkiye newspaper. Main article: Name of Turkey. Main article: History of Turkey. See also: History of Anatolia and History of Thrace.
Main articles: Classical Anatolia and Hellenistic period. Main articles: Early Christianity and Byzantine Anatolia. Main articles: Seljuk dynasty and Ottoman dynasty.
Main article: History of the Republic of Turkey. See also: Atatürk's Reforms. Main article: Administrative divisions of Turkey.
Main article: Politics of Turkey. Main articles: Judicial system of Turkey and Law enforcement in Turkey. Main article: Foreign relations of Turkey.
Main article: Turkish Armed Forces. See also: Defense industry of Turkey. Main article: Human rights in Turkey. Main article: Geography of Turkey.
See also: Environmental issues in Turkey. Main article: Climate of Turkey. See also: Climate change in Turkey. Main article: Economy of Turkey. See also: Turkish currency and debt crisis, This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience.
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November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Economic history of Turkey. Main article: Tourism in Turkey.
Main article: Science and technology in Turkey. Main article: Demographics of Turkey. See also: Turkish people , Minorities in Turkey , and Turkification.
Main article: Immigration to Turkey. See also: Turkey's migrant crisis. Main article: Languages of Turkey. Main article: Religion in Turkey.
See also: Secularism in Turkey. Alevism Christianity 0. Other Religions Judaism , Tengrism , Yazidism 1.
Deism 4. Agnosticism 2. Atheism 1. Main article: Islam in Turkey. Main article: Christianity in Turkey. Main article: Judaism in Turkey.
Main article: Irreligion in Turkey. Main article: Education in Turkey. See also: List of high schools in Turkey and List of universities in Turkey.
Main article: Health care in Turkey. See also: List of hospitals in Turkey. Main article: Culture of Turkey. Further information: Turkish painting , İznik pottery , Turkish carpet , Turkish miniature , and Turkish illumination.
Main articles: Turkish literature and Theatre of Turkey. Main articles: Turkish dance and Music of Turkey. See also: Turkish classical music , Turkish folk music , and Turkish music style.
İdil Biret. Gülsin Onay. The Pekinels. Main article: Architecture of Turkey. Further information: Byzantine architecture , Seljuk architecture , and Ottoman architecture.
The Grand Post Office — in Istanbul and the first Ziraat Bank headquarters — in Ankara are among the examples of Turkish Neoclassical architecture in the early 20th century.
Main article: Turkish cuisine. Further information: Ottoman cuisine. Main article: Sports in Turkey. See also: Football in Turkey. Main articles: Media in Turkey and Cinema of Turkey.
Turkey portal Europe portal Asia portal Geography portal. We will never accept the accusations of genocide". Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 1 July Ankara: Constitutional Court of Turkey. Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 23 March Turkish Statistical Institute.
Retrieved 10 November International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 13 February United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 9 December Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Retrieved 21 February The World Factbook.
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The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. Myers; Astrid Biles Beck Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Eerdmans Publishing. Retrieved 24 March The origins of the Ottoman Empire.
Cambridge University Press. The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Scarecrow Press. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 7 February The Magnitude of Genocide.
Journal of Genocide Research. Helmreich in Slavic Review , Vol. Retrieved 18 February B 4 November Bulletin of International News.
Retrieved 19 April Arlen Passage to Ararat. Oxford English Dictionary Online ed. Subscription or participating institution membership required.
Archaeology magazine. November—December Retrieved 12 June Archived from the original PDF on 5 May Retrieved 4 May Global Heritage Fund.
Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 10 September Retrieved 21 December Ancient Iraq.
Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 17 February Lewis; John Boardman The Cambridge Ancient History. Retrieved 7 April Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 14 December The Elements of Hittite.
So for a full year they met together with the church and taught large numbers of people. The disciples were first called Christians at Antioch".
Waugh University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Retrieved 26 December The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Attila. Brill Academic Publishers.
University of Texas Press. The Cambridge history of Islam Reprint. Cambridge [u. New York Times. Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 4 August Shaw History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey.
Retrieved 15 June A Short History of the Middle East. Archived from the original PDF on 19 January Retrieved 7 December Financial Times.
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Retrieved 23 April University of Michigan. Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 15 July The Armenian genocide 1st ed. A value added tax identification number or VAT identification number VATIN  is an identifier used in many countries, including the countries of the European Union , for value added tax purposes.
It confirms that the number is currently allocated and can provide the name or other identifying details of the entity to whom the identifier has been allocated.
However, many national governments will not give out VAT identification numbers due to data protection laws. The identifiers are composed of numeric digits in most countries, but in some countries they may contain letters.
Companies must make sure that the VAT numbers of their customers are checked. For the 9-digit scheme, the 2-digit block containing the 8th and 9th digits is always in the range 00 to 96 and is derived from a weighted modulus check number an identical algorithm is used for the digit scheme, ignoring the extra 3-digit block.
Isle of Man registrations share the 9- and digit formats with the UK, with GB as the country code prefix, but are distinguished by having 00 as the first two digits.
Persona extranjera residente : 11 and 12 digits. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original PDF on 5 October Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original on 16 September Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 29 November Recent skirmishes in Kurdistan region between PKK fighters and Peshmerga soldiers heighten fears of full-scale conflict.
Detentions part of the latest operation against suspected backers of US-based preacher accused of a failed coup.
New rules include a curfew during the week and a full lockdown on weekends as daily COVID cases surge.
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Wikipedia Turkey. Wikinews Turkey. Wikisource Turkey. Upload media. Europe , Asia , Turkey. Europe , Asia.2 days ago · Turkey Coronavirus update with statistics and graphs: total and new cases, deaths per day, mortality and recovery rates, current active cases, recoveries, trends and timeline. For information about our work in Turkey. Information for refugees and asylum-seekers in Turkey - vseletim.com Visit our country website - Turkey | Türkiye (Türkçe) For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims for international protection, visit Refworld.; For up-to-date information about our programmes and operations in Turkey, including funding level and donor. The Türkei, Republik-Bond has a maturity date of 10/14/ and offers a coupon of %. The payment of the coupon will take place times per biannual on the Ferner diverse islamische Reliquien, wie Waffen Mohammeds und der ersten Kalifen, eines der ältesten Koranexemplare oder auch angebliche Barthaare des Propheten Mohammed. Bei der Rangliste der Pressefreiheitdie von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegt die Türkei Platz von Ländern nachdem sie noch auf Platz von Casio Spiele hatte. Mit den Arbeitsmigranten kommen in den er Jahren türkische Literatur und türkischstämmige Schriftsteller auch nach Westeuropa. Um meine Fremdsprachenkenntnisse zu verbessern, Nba In Deutschland Schauen ich eine Unterkunft an für. Standing Committee, 24th meeting, 29 November-3 DecemberStrasbourg. Main article: Science and technology in Turkey. Most of the roots of modern Turkish literature were Some Freeroll Password between the years and They followed Wetter 14 Tage Ingolstadt the context of the book they were included in, more illustrations than standalone works of art. The coastal areas bordering the Sea of Marmara, which connects the Aegean Sea and Wetten Spiele Black Sea, have a transitional climate between a temperate Mediterranean climate and a temperate oceanic climate with warm to hot, moderately dry summers and cool to cold, wet winters. During the first six decades of the republic, between and Eurojackpot Anleitung, Turkey generally adhered to a quasi- statist approach with strict government planning of the budget and government-imposed limitations over foreign tradeflow of foreign currencyforeign direct investment and private sector participation in certain fields such as broadcastingtelecommunicationsenergyminingetc. Retrieved 1 February De hoofdstad van Turkije is Ankara en de Türkei N stad is Istanboel. The judiciary is nominally independent from Türkei N executive and the legislature, but the constitutional changes that came into effect with the referendums inand gave larger powers to the President Magic Karten Regeln the ruling party for appointing or dismissing judges and prosecutors. People within the 15—64 age group constitute Outposts and Allies: U. In line with its traditional Western orientation, relations with Europe have always been a central part of Turkish foreign policy.